Read the court transcript from the trial of Anne Hutchinson(1637). Answer each of the questions below. Answers shoulddemonstrate that understood the question and that you haveused the primary source in order to support your answers. Answersshould contain material quoted from the document and/or the coursetextbook and provide analysis/explanation of how the quotedmaterial supports your response. Answers should employ the standardrules of English spelling and grammar. When quoting, cite the courttranscript and/or the Evans textbook in your response.
Puritans founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony in hopes ofcreating a model of
Christian unity and order. However, in the 1630s, the Puritansconfronted fundamental
disagreements over theology. Anne Hutchinson arrived in Bostonin 1634 and was a
follower of John Cotton, who preached that salvation wasachieved by faith alone, not by
good works. Such ideas threatened the authority ofMassachusetts’ ministers and
magistrates. When Hutchinson began to hold meetings to discussher theological views
with other women and with men, Puritan magistrates charged herwith heresy. This
document is the transcript of her 1637 trial.
Gov. John Winthrop: Mrs. Hutchinson, you are called here as oneof those that have
troubled the peace of the commonwealth and the churches here;you are known to be a
woman that hath had a great share in the promoting and divulgingof those opinions that
are the cause of this trouble, and to be nearly joined not onlyin affinity and affection with
some of those the court had taken notice of and passed censureupon, but you have
spoken divers things, as we have been informed, very prejudicialto the honour of the
churches and ministers thereof, and you have maintained ameeting and an assembly in
your house that hath been condemned by the general assembly as athing not tolerable nor
comely in the sight of God nor fitting for your sex, andnotwithstanding that was cried
down you have continued the same. Therefore we have thought goodto send for you to
understand how things are, that if you be in an erroneous way wemay reduce you that so
you may become a profitable member here among us. Otherwise ifyou be obstinate in
your course that then the court may take such course that youmay trouble us no further.
Therefore I would intreat you to express whether you do assentand hold in practice to
those opinions and factions that have been handled in courtalready, that is to say,
whether you do not justify Mr. Wheelwright’s sermon and thepetition.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: I am called here to answer before you butI hear no things laid
to my charge.
Gov. John Winthrop: I have told you some already and more I cantell you.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: Name one, Sir.
Gov. John Winthrop: Have I not named some already?
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: What have I said or done?
Gov. John Winthrop: Why for your doings, this you did harbor andcountenance those
that are parties in this faction that you have heard of.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: That’s matter of conscience, Sir.
Gov. John Winthrop: Your conscience you must keep, or it must bekept for you.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: Must not I then entertain the saintsbecause I must keep my
Gov. John Winthrop: Say that one brother should commit felony ortreason and come to
his brother’s house, if he knows him guilty and conceals him heis guilty of the same. It is
his conscience to entertain him, but if his conscience comesinto act in giving
countenance and entertainment to him that hath broken the law heis guilty too. So if you
do countenance those that are transgressors of the law you arein the same fact.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: What law do they transgress?
Gov. John Winthrop: The law of God and of the state.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: In what particular?
Gov. John Winthrop: Why in this among the rest, whereas the Lorddoth say honor thy
father and thy mother.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: Ey Sir in the Lord.
Gov. John Winthrop: This honor you have broke in givingcountenance to them.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: In entertaining those did I entertain themagainst any act (for
there is the thing) or what God has appointed?
Gov. John Winthrop: You knew that Mr. Wheelwright did preachthis sermon and those
that countenance him in this do break a law.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: What law have I broken?
Gov. John Winthrop: Why the fifth commandment.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: I deny that for he [Mr. Wheelwright] saithin the Lord.
Gov. John Winthrop: You have joined with them in thefaction.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: In what faction have I joined withthem?
Gov. John Winthrop: In presenting the petition.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: Suppose I had set my hand to the petition.What then?
Gov. John Winthrop: You saw that case tried before.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: But I had not my hand to the petition.
Gov. John Winthrop: You have counseled them.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: Wherein?
Gov. John Winthrop: Why in entertaining them.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: What breach of law is that, Sir?
Gov. John Winthrop: Why dishonoring the commonwealth, Mrs.Hutchinson.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: But put the case, Sir, that I do fear theLord and my parents.
May not I entertain them that fear the Lord because my parentswill not give me leave?
Gov. John Winthrop: If they be the fathers of the commonwealth,and they of another
religion, if you entertain them then you dishonor your parentsand are justly punishable.
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: If I entertain them, as they havedishonored their parents I do.
Gov. John Winthrop: No but you by countenancing them aboveothers put honor upon
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: I may put honor upon them as the childrenof God and as they
do honor the Lord.
Gov. John Winthrop: We do not mean to discourse with those ofyour sex but only this:
you so adhere unto them and do endeavor to set forward thisfaction and so you do
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: I do acknowledge no such thing. Neither doI think that I ever
put any dishonor upon you.
Gov. John Winthrop: Why do you keep such a meeting at your houseas you do every
week upon a set day?
Mrs. Anne Hutchinson: It is lawful for me to do so, as it is allyour practices, and can
you find a warrant for yourself and condemn me for the samething? The ground of my
taking it up was, when I first came to this land because I didnot go to such meetings as
those were, it was presently reported that I did not allow ofsuch meetings but held them
unlawful and therefore in that regard they said I was proud anddid despise all ordinances.